Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. Neighboring countries include Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. The geography of Tajikistan is dominated by the Pamir-Alay mountains along with valleys in the south and southwest. The government system is a republic; the chief of state is the president, and the head of government is the prime minister. Tajikistan has a mixed economy in which there is a variety of private freedom, combined with centralized economic planning and government regulation.
|Population||Population Growth Rate||Age Dependency Ratio||Urban Population||Infant Mortality Rate||Life Expectancy at Birth|
2.144 annual % (2021)
65.936 % of working-age population (2021)
27.726 % of total (2021)
28.4 per 1,000 live births (2020)
67.994 years (2020)
Select your indicators
Value imported in 2022 (USD thousand)
Trade balance 2022 (USD thousand)
Share in Tajikistan’s imports (%)
United States of America
Korea, Republic of
Select your indicators
Value exported in 2022 (USD thousand)
Trade balance 2022 (USD thousand)
Share in Tajikistan’s exports (%)
Hong Kong, China
Tajikistan‘s culture is a fascinating blend of ancient traditions and influences from neighboring regions. With a history deeply rooted in Persian and Turkic cultures, Tajikistan showcases a unique cultural identity. The Tajik language, closely related to Persian, is the official language and serves as a symbol of cultural heritage. Islam plays a significant role in shaping the cultural practices and values of the Tajik people, with mosques and religious observances being an integral part of daily life.
Hospitality is a cornerstone of Tajik culture, where guests are warmly welcomed and treated with utmost respect. Traditional music and dance are cherished forms of artistic expression, with instruments like the rubab and tanbur accompanying lively performances. Tajik craftsmanship is renowned, with intricate embroidery, pottery, and wood carving showcasing the artistic skills passed down through generations. Traditional clothing, adorned with vibrant colors and elaborate patterns, adds to the visual richness of Tajik culture. The cuisine of Tajikistan is diverse, influenced by its neighboring countries, and features dishes like plov, which is a flavorful rice dish cooked with meat and vegetables.
In summary, Tajikistan’s culture is a captivating tapestry woven with historical influences, religious practices, warm hospitality, artistic expressions, and delectable cuisine. It is a culture that proudly celebrates its heritage while embracing the influences of the modern world.
Tajikistan experiences a continental climate, characterized by hot summers and cold winters. The climate varies across the country due to its diverse topography, which includes high mountains, valleys, and deserts.
In general, Tajikistan has hot and dry summers, with temperatures reaching up to 40°C (104°F) in some lowland areas. However, temperatures tend to be cooler in the mountainous regions. Winters are cold, with temperatures dropping below freezing, especially in the higher elevations. Snowfall is common during the winter months.
Tajikistan is rich in natural resources. It has significant deposits of minerals, including gold, silver, lead, zinc, and uranium. The country also has substantial reserves of natural gas and coal. Additionally, Tajikistan is known for its hydropower potential, with numerous rivers and lakes providing opportunities for hydroelectric power generation.
The diverse geography of Tajikistan contributes to its natural resources. The country is home to the Pamir Mountains, which are part of the larger Himalayan mountain range. These mountains provide a source of freshwater through rivers and glaciers, supporting agriculture and hydroelectric power generation.
It’s worth noting that the availability and exploitation of natural resources in Tajikistan are influenced by various factors, including infrastructure, economic conditions, and geopolitical considerations. The country continues to explore and develop its natural resources to support its economic growth and development.
GDP (current US$) – Tajikistan
Year 2021: 8,746,270.64
GDP, PPP (current international $) – Tajikistan
Year 2021: 41,809,911.37
GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) – Tajikistan
Year 2021: 4,288.2
GDP per capita (constant LCU) – Tajikistan
Year 2021: 847
GDP per capita (current US$) – Tajikistan
Year 2021: 897.0
Gini index – Tajikistan
Year 2015: 34.0
Facebook = 49.34%
Instagram = 31.92%
YouTube = 6.17%
Pinterest = 5.87%
Twitter = 3.09%
VKontakte = 2.79%
Tajikistan has been a member of WTO since 2 March 2013. More information can be found on the WTO site. Tajikistan is in the process of harmonizing its standards with international norms. U.S. companies should be aware that, on paper, Tajikistan has a comprehensive system of mandatory standards but, in practice, cannot properly administer the complex and demanding standards system. The absence of well-equipped laboratories, qualified staff, and effective enforcement capacity are serious problems. In principle, Tajikistan accepts the conformity certificates issued by its major trading partners; in practice, however, some importers say this does not happen.
The Law on Certification of Products and Services and other acts regulate certification procedures in Tajikistan. According to article 12 of the Law on State Foreign Trade Regulation, all commodities imported to Tajikistan are required to meet technical, pharmacological, sanitary, veterinary, phyto-sanitary and environmental standards and requirements. All services and processes are subject to certification, the procedure for which is in theory the same for all products.
Tajikistan’s official trade regime is relatively liberal; tariff rates range between zero and fifteen percent, with the overall trade-weighted import tariff averaging out to around seven percent. The world’s forty-five least developed countries are exempt from import tariffs. The Tajik Customs Code generally complies with WTO requirements on evaluation and rates and Agreement on Rules of Goods Transit. The main difference is in the evaluation methods of goods for customs purposes.